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    OALib 期刊
      OALib Journal (ISSN Print: 2333-9705, ISSN Online: 2333-9721)是一本多合一的开源期刊,以同行评审的方式出版发行文章,其所涵盖的研究领域多达311种领域。本刊发表的全部文章均可在期刊网站上免费阅读、下载、引用和传播。单篇文章出版费用为99美元。详情请咨询service@ 或 QQ: 3279437679。现在就去投稿!
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    Jan 17, 2020Open    AccessArticle

    Spatio-Temporal Patterns of Rainfall Variability for Wet Season over Togo in West Africa

    Pouwèréou Nimon, Latifou Issaou, Yawo Konko, Kouami Kokou
    Climate change is affecting rainfall variability. This paper investigated the June-September (JJAS) rainfall variability using reanalyzed and observed da-tasets from 1976 to 2015 in Togo. The rotated empirical orthogonal function (REOF) method was used to get the distribution patterns of JJAS rainfall. The Mann-Kendall (MK) statistic was also used to detect temporal trend of the ro-tated principal component time series (RPCs) that
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    Feb 28, 2019Open    AccessArticle

    The Global Solar Radiation in the Southern Region of Ecuador

    O. H. Alvarez, T. E. Montano
    In this work an approach to the theoretical solar radiation in the South Region of Ecuador is presented, using the Hottel Model ([1] [2]), considering the cloudiness and the topography Shadows. The maps of Global Solar Radiation are shown for the months of January, August and Annual one, considering the heights over the middle sea level extracted of the Digital Elevation Model. This work will
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    Jan 30, 2019Open    AccessArticle

    Tragic Aftermath of Californian Jungle Fire and Hawaiian Volcano Outburst, a Warning about Persistently Rising Global Warming, Resulting into High Rated Disaster’s Chain

    Malik Muhammad Nazeer
    Earthglobe is almost at flash point with respect to global heat contents and temperature and any sizeable further addition of heat to its environment will result into huge disaster of life, property and infrastructure at multiple locations on the globe. The recent example of this is the aftermath of Cali-fornian forest fires (2017-2018) and Hawaii volcano eruption as elaborated in this treatise. This has resulted into 7 main catas
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    Oct 24, 2018Open    AccessArticle

    Seasonal Variability in Aerosol Microphysical Properties over Selected Rural, Urban and Maritime Sites in Kenya

    Geoffrey W. Khamala, Jared O. Odhiambo, John W. Makokha
    Atmospheric aerosols are posing a great threat to the already stressed climate with the effects being felt more on African continent. Their presence and interaction with the clouds contribute to the strongest uncertainty in aerosol characteristics and Earth’s energy budget hence; calling for a long term assessment to be done. The present study analyses long term spatiotemporal microphysical aerosol characteristics (namely: effecti
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    Aug 31, 2018Open    AccessArticle

    Methane Gas Emissions: Methods of Improving the Efficiency of the Biggest Landfill Gas Waste to Energy Project in the Middle East Installed in Amman, Jordan

    Constantine Hadjidimoulas
    In a world of increasing population and consumption, there is a pressing need to use our resources in the best possible way. This involves reducing the generation of waste, achieving high-quality recycling and efficient use of the residual waste for highly productive clean energy generation. A waste-to-energy facility may generate a range of energy outputs such as electricity, district heating, steam for industrial processes and m
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    Aug 30, 2018Open    AccessArticle

    Shortwave Radiation and Sea Surface Temperature Variations over East and West Tropical Pacific Ocean

    Yongxin Huang, Biyun Guo, Mantravadi Venkata Subrahmanyam
    Shortwave radiation (SWR) is having direct impact on sea surface temperature (SST). In this paper the relation between SWR and SST has been over east and west Pacific Ocean. TAO/TRITON buoy data have been used for this study. It is well known that El Nino phenomenon is related to SST anomalies and warmer temperatures can observe over eastern Pacific Ocean (EP) leading to strong El Nino. The relation between eastern and western Pac
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    Aug 23, 2018Open    AccessArticle

    Optical Characterization of Atmospheric Aerosols via Airborne Spectral Imaging and Self-Organizing Map for Climate Change Diagnostics

    John W. Makokha, Jared O. Odhiambo
    Self-Organizing Map (SOM) analysis is used to perform optical characteri- zation of both Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) and Angstrom Exponent (AE) retrieved from Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) in relation to Precipitation Rate (PR) from Tropical Rainfall Measurement Mission (TRMM) over selected East African sites from 2000 to 2014 and further diagnose climate change over the region if any. SOM reveals a marked
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    Apr 27, 2018Open    AccessArticle

    Aerosol Optical and Micro-Physical Characteristic Derived from AERONET in Kenya*

    Misiani Zachary, Shengjie Niu, Jingjing Lü
    The identification and classicization of both natural and anthropogenic atmospheric aerosols originating from different region is becoming very useful when dealing with effect of air quality. Different areas may encounter the problem of dust storm events which is harmfully to the environment and human health. This thesis works focused mainly on the evaluation of level 1.5 data from Sunphotometer remote sensing to understa
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    Mar 06, 2018Open    AccessArticle

    Aerosol Optical Depth Pathways and Sources; Lake Victoria Basin*

    Misiani Zachary, Lun Yin, Mwai Zacharia
    The air mass back-trajectory clustering analysis was combined with Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) of fine mode, coarse mode and fine mode fraction in order to evaluate the long-range effects of transportation patterns of trajectories for the ground based station at ICIPE Mbita which is located on longitude and latitude of 34.2°E, 0.417°S respectively at 1125 meters above sea
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    Feb 28, 2018Open    AccessArticle

    Climate Variability Adaptation Strategies: Challenges to Livestock Mobility in South-Eastern Burkina Faso

    Charles L. Sanou, Daniel N. Tsado, André Kiema, Julia O. Eichie, Appollonia A. Okhimamhe
    This research work aims to study the perceptions of pastoralists and agro- pastoralists on climate change impacts on mobile herding and the effectiveness of herders’ adaptive strategies within Kompienga Province, south-eastern region of Burkina Faso. In order to achieve this aim, survey data were retrieved from 271 respondents and analysed. From respondents’ perceptions, climate change is real and is negatively affecting forage av
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